5 Most Common Foot Injuries and Treatment Options
Your feet get you where you need to go. It’s imperative for your mobility to keep your feet in good shape. However, a foot injury can occur at any time and can stop you in your tracks with little to no warning. It’s important to know the five foot injuries that occur most frequently and the treatment options for each one.
1. Plantar Fasciitis
This foot injury is common in middle-aged men and women. It can be a very painful condition that may prevent you from engaging in your daily activities. Plantar fasciitis is caused by inflammation that occurs in the muscle tissue in the heel of the foot to the arch. It is likely you may feel a lot of tenderness in this area of your foot. This is typically worse in the mornings when you first get up, and may diminish more throughout the day as your foot becomes more mobile.
The treatment for plantar fasciitis typically involves resting your feet and putting ice on the heel to reduce inflammation. Be sure to wear shoes that provide a lot of support and avoid going barefoot when possible. Surgery is rarely required, and you can take over-the-counter pain medications to help with your discomfort.
2. Heel Spur
When you have too much calcium on the heel bone, this condition can occur. This foot injury is caused by strains to the muscles or ligaments of the foot. Heel spurs can be painful if the injury is severe.
The recommended treatment for this foot injury is stretching exercises, physical therapy and using the right type of support on your shoes. Studies show that 90% of patients don’t require surgery for heel spurs.
3. Ankle Sprain
If you engage in sports or you’re extremely active, you may experience an ankle sprain at some point in your life. When there is an injury to the ligaments or muscle tissue of the ankle, this can occur and may be a very painful condition. Common symptoms of an ankle sprain may include bruising, swelling and acute pain.
In order to heal from this injury, the recommended treatment involves rest and keeping your foot elevated. You can use a bandage to wrap your ankle, which may speed your recovery time. Additionally, taking ibuprofen and other medications to ease pain that are available without a prescription can help.
4. Broken Foot
The most severe foot injury involves a foot that is broken. Some of the symptoms of a broken foot include the skin turning blue, severe pain, swelling and being unable to walk. If you experience any bleeding, swelling or a bone that is protruding, it is imperative to seek medical attention immediately.
It will be necessary to have an x-ray done to confirm you have a broken bone. In some severe cases, you may need to have a CT scan or an MRI, as well. Treatment for this severe injury may involve wearing a cast until the bone properly heals.
5. Achilles Tendonitis
When there is inflammation and an extreme amount of irritation around the tendon area of the back part of the foot, this condition can occur. Pain in the heel area is a common complaint with this foot injury. Common causes of Achilles tendonitis include doing exercises that you aren’t used to doing and having a lack of flexibility. Additionally, age and a change of footwear can be contributing factors to this foot condition.
It is critical to rest the foot to allow the tendon to heal properly if you’re diagnosed with this condition. Keeping ice on this area can help reduce the pain and taking pain medication can be helpful for reducing your discomfort. In severe cases, you may need to have surgery.
Living with foot pain can be challenging. Getting the right diagnosis and beginning the proper treatment for your specific injury is your best resource for enjoying a full recovery. Take the necessary precautions and avoid doing any activities that could potentially worsen you foot injury when it occurs. Be sure to consult with a foot doctor when you’re in pain to help you obtain the best diagnosis for your ailment. Additionally, this will help you find the best possible treatment option to help you get some pep in your step and on your road to wellness.